Bac is a village located in the south of Backa, with history dating back to the Bronze Age. In the area of present-day Bac, cultures, religions, swords were crossed, and as a result of the historical turmoil, cultural monuments remain, defying the times and bearing witness to the turbulent times of the past. The present name of the region of Backa originates precisely from this settlement, which certainly speaks to its importance.
You can begin your tour of this ancient city by visiting the Franciscan Monastery from the 12th century. The monastery was built in 1169 in the center of Bac, by the military order of Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem. This building is the very top of Romanesque architecture. The present temple was erected in the period from 1734 to 1768. This historic monument preserves many old objects, dishes, textiles, church robes. The monastery was reconstructed and rebuilt this year with funds from the European Union, the Ministry of Culture of Serbia and the Provincial Government.
After visiting the Franciscan monastery, you can walk past the remains of the Turkish bath, which testifies to the time of Ottoman rule in this region. The hammam is believed to have been built in 1578. Part of the hammam was demolished but remained a part of the dome, above the central room, as well as the walls of several rooms with dishes from that time.
The symbol of Bac most certainly is the fort of Bac, built in the period from 1338 to 1342 and as such represents the best preserved medieval fort in Vojvodina. The establishment of the fortress is related to the period of King Charles Albert of Anjou. The fortress of Bac was burned and destroyed several times, and in 1704 it was abandoned. It was awarded the status of a cultural monument in 1948. When visiting this monumental building, you can see the ancient Donjon tower, with archeological exhibits and a beautiful vista that overlooks the fertile plain.
Another destination we definitely suggest you visit is the Bodjani Monastery, located 15 km west of Bac. The monastery houses a miraculous icon of the 17th-century Virgin Mary of God, one of six Orthodox canonized icons in the world.
A tour of Bac, will certainly complement the visit to the traditional Šokci and Slovak house with a tour of the old blacksmith shop and a presentation of the decoration of a Slovak bride. The stay will be rounded off by the numerous catering establishments, grange farms, csardas located in this area.
Photos: Archive of a Tourism organization Bač