Datum održavanja: 01.01.1970.

Tip: null

The tracks of permanent settlements in the area of Novi Bečej community were found on Borđoš, Garajevac and Matejski Brod. Matejski Brod as important archeological founding, was put under the protection of state by the resolution of the institution for the scientific monuments research in Serbia in 1950.

The archeological locality Matejski Brod is situated on about 6 kilometers on north east of Novi Bečej, on the border of Matej and Šimuđska side. It is actually separated plateau, on the very edge of lower shadow terrace, eclipse shaped, 136x50 meters large. On the west side the plateau is steep , and it goes into the lake, the remain of the river Mali Begej. On this locality from 1949. – 1952. were the preservative diggings and seven Neolith houses were found then. All the houses are separated by narrow passages, which can lead to possibility of the primitive urbanization. The archeological locality Matejski Brod is Neolith settlement which belongs to middle Neolith of Potiska cultural group, which were dated in the period from 3900 – 3550 BC. Potiska culture covers the north part of our country with the concentration of localities between rivers Moriša, Zlatica and Tisa, to the river Galacka which makes the south border. In the late phases of this culture goes to the south along with the river Tisa and mainly on Banat Side. The settlements on Banat side were built on higher parts, so they were protected of high waters. The locality Matejski Brod is mainly fishing village which can be seen because of found shallow bowls for fish and weights for fishing nets. The founding of burnt wheat suggests the development of agriculture. At that time the cattle raising was also developed, as can be seen because of found many animal bones. The plastic ornaments like patches or ribs can cover the surface of the bowls dividing it on a separate parts. The ornaments of the rough ceramic is made with the carving technique and putting in the meandoid motifs or zigzag lines. The ceramic is of light brown, yellow, brick – red colors without covering often with the traces of red coloring. The cult ceramic of the Potiska culture consists of sacrificial altars and zoomorph shapes like animal heads (ox, bird). The idol plastic is very rare. Also the tools are very characteristic and were made of bones, stones and potter`s earth. That are flat stone axes, bone tools, knives, harpoons as well as the tools of horns. The use of opsidijan was known as well and it can be seen by founding many stone knives. Detailed researches and investigations of Potiska culture as well as the locality Matejski Brod itself will give us more facts about existence and lasting of Potiska culture on this area.