The old town centre of Pancevo encompasses the historical area of the centre consisted of the complex of buildings situated on King Peter I Square and Liberty Square with the nearby streets and several objects on which the area of the squares is leaning. The buildings are situated in the area abundant in cultural and historical layers and traces of the material culture from the Roman period to later epochs. The urbanization of Pancevo started at the beginning of the 18th century. The town centre was formed during the second half of the 18th century. The most valuable central area with public and representative buildings was created at the beginning of the 19th century. The town squares, Great Square (King Peter I Square) and Wheat Market (Liberty Square) and the square in front of the Roman Catholic Church were formed and enclosed at the turn of the 20th century. That was the area where the administrative, educational and spiritual life of the town was developing and, consequently, its architectural heritage.